Whenever I tell anyone I research e-cigarettes, they almost always have an opinion about them. Some will be vapers themselves, and those who are will almost without fail sing the praises of the device that finally helped them give up smoking. But often people who’ve never tried e-cigarettes will focus on the potential risks from using them, and in particular whether they’re likely to reintroduce smoking to a young generation who have been steadily shunning it in larger and larger numbers over recent decades. A particular fear is that younger people will test out e-cigarettes and that this will be a gateway in to smoking, as well as fears around the harms from e-cigarettes themselves.
A recently available detailed study of more than 60,000 UK 11-16 year olds finds that younger people who test out e-cigarettes are generally those who already smoke cigarettes, and even then experimentation mostly doesn’t translate to regular use. In addition to that, but smoking rates among young people in the united kingdom are still declining. Studies conducted currently investigating the gateway hypothesis that vaping leads to smoking have tended to look at whether having ever tried an e-cigarette predicts later smoking. But younger people who try out e-cigarettes are going to be distinctive from people who don’t in plenty of other ways – maybe they’re just more keen to consider risks, which may also increase the likelihood that they’d try out cigarettes too, whether or not they’d used e-cigarettes.
Although there are a small minority of young people that do start to use e-cigarettes without previously as being a smoker, as yet there’s little evidence that the then increases the potential risk of them becoming E-Cigarette Review. Increase this reports from Public Health England that have concluded e-cigarettes are 95% safer than smoking, and you might think that might be the end from the fear surrounding them.
But e-cigarettes have really divided the public health community, with researchers who have the most popular aim of reducing the levels of smoking and smoking-related harm suddenly finding themselves on opposite sides of the debate. This is concerning, and partly because in a relative dearth of research on the devices exactly the same findings are employed by each side to aid and criticise e-cigarettes. And all sorts of this disagreement is playing out in the media, meaning an unclear picture of what we know (and don’t know) about e-cigarettes is being portrayed, with vapers feeling persecuted and people who have not yet attempted to quit mistakenly believing that there’s no part of switching, as e-cigarettes may be just as harmful as smoking.
An unexpected results of this could be which it makes it harder to accomplish the research needed to elucidate longer-term effects of e-cigarettes. Which is one thing we’re experiencing since we attempt to recruit for your current study. Our company is performing a research project funded by CRUK, where we’re collecting saliva samples from smokers, vapers and non-smokers. We’re checking out DNA methylation, a biological marker that influences gene expression. It’s been shown that smokers possess a distinct methylation profile, compared to non-smokers, and it’s probable that these modifications in methylation might be linked to the increased probability of harm from smoking – as an example cancer risk. Even if the methylation changes don’t make the increased risk, they could be a marker of it. We would like to compare the patterns seen in smokers and non-smokers with those of electronic cigarette users, potentially giving us some insight in to the long-term impact of vaping, without having to wait around for time for you to elapse. Methylation changes happen relatively quickly as compared to the onset of chronic illnesses.
Part of the difficulty with this particular is that we understand that smokers and ex-smokers use a distinct methylation pattern, and we don’t want this clouding any pattern from vaping, which suggests we must recruit vapers who’ve never (or certainly only rarely) smoked. And this is proving challenging for just two reasons. Firstly, as borne out by the recent research, it’s rare for people who’ve never smoked cigarettes to adopt up regular vaping. Yes, maybe they’ll experiment, but that doesn’t necessarily result in an e-cigarette habit.
But additionally, an unexpected problem continues to be the unwillingness of some inside the vaping community to help us recruit. And they’re delay as a result of fears that whatever we discover, the final results will be used to paint a poor picture of vaping, and vapers, by individuals with an agenda to push. I don’t desire to downplay the extreme helpfulness of plenty of kbajyo inside the vaping community in aiding us to recruit – thank you, you already know what you are about. Having Said That I was disheartened to know that for many, the misinformation and scaremongering around vaping has reached the point where they’re opting from the research entirely. And after talking with people directly concerning this, it’s difficult to criticize their reasoning. We have also discovered that a number of e-cigarette retailers were resistant to placing posters aiming to recruit people who’d never smoked, because they didn’t wish to be seen to be promoting e-cigarette use within people who’d never smoked, which is again completely understandable and really should be applauded.
What can we do concerning this? Hopefully as increasing numbers of research is conducted, so we get clearer information about e-cigarettes ability to work as a smoking cessation tool, the disagreement around them will disappear. Until then, Hopefully vapers carry on and agree to participate in research so we can fully explore the potential of these products, specifically those rare “unicorns” who vape but have never smoked, as they may be essential to helping us understand the impact of vaping, as compared to smoking.